36 States and capital and important facts about Nigeria

Have you been searching for the 36 States and capital of the federal republic of Nigeria for personal knowledge or to teach your children?, Here on this post you’ll find everything you need to know about the Nigeria historical landscape, including the 36 States and capital, the geopolitical zones states creation and other important facts.

The 36 States and capital of the Federal Republic of Nigeria are:

SN State Capital
1 Abia Umuahia
2 Adamawa Yola
3 Akwa Ibom Uyo
4 Anambra Awka
5 Bauchi Bauchi
6 Bayelsa Yenagoa
7 Benue Makurdi
8 Borno Maiduguri
9 Cross River Calabar
10 Delta Asaba
11 Ebonyi Abakaliki
12 Edo Benin City
13 Ekiti Ado-Ekiti
14 Enugu Enugu
15 Gombe Gombe
16 Imo Owerri
17 Jigawa Dutse
18 Kaduna Kaduna
19 Kano Kano
20 Katsina Katsina
21 Kebbi Birnin Kebbi
22 Kogi Lokoja
23 Kwara Ilorin
24 Lagos Ikeja
25 Nasarawa Lafia
26 Niger Minna
27 Ogun Abeokuta
28 Ondo Akure
29 Osun Oshogbo
30 Oyo Ibadan
31 Plateau Jos
32 Rivers Port Harcourt
33 Sokoto Sokoto
34 Taraba Jalingo
35 Yobe Damaturu
36 Zamfara Gusau

List of Nigeria’s 36 states & Abuja

Abia

Adamawa

Akwa Ibom

Anambra

Bauchi

Bayelsa

Benue

Borno

Cross River

Delta

Ebonyi

Edo

Ekiti

Enugu

Gombe

Imo

Jigawa

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Kaduna

Kano

Katsina

Kebbi

Kogi

Kwara

Lagos

Nasarawa

Niger

Ogun

Ondo

Osun

Oyo

Plateau

Rivers

Sokoto

Taraba

Yobe

Zamfara

Federal Capital Territory, Abuja

Maps of Nigeria’s 36 states & Abuja

States creation, reformation

By the time that Nigeria got independence it was a federation of the three regions, namely:

Western
Eastern
Northern

Later on another region was added, the Mid-Western Region.

The Mid-Western Region was formed from the Western Region in 1966, and Lagos, the capital, was effectively governed as an unofficial fourth region outside the bounds of the Western Region.

This brought the number of regions to 4 as follows:

Western
Mid-Western
Western
Northern

Under the short-lived military government of Aguiyi-Ironsi, Nigeria was reorganized under a central government. Following a coup which resulted in Aguiyi-Ironsi’s deposition and assassination, Nigeria was reorganized as a federal country again with three of the regions being divided into newer entities and all first-level subdivisions being renamed as states.

Western Region was divided into:
Lagos
and Western states.

Eastern Region was divided into:
East-Central,
Rivers,
and South-Eastern states;

Northern Region was divided into:
Benue-Plateau,
Kano,
Kwara,
North-Central,
North-Eastern,
and North-Western (Sokoto) states

1976 reformation of Nigeria’s federating units

In 1976, six years after the end of the civil war, the states were further reorganized:

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State boundaries and names were also reorganized.

Benue-Plateau state divided into:
Benue
and Plateau states.

East-Central state divided into:
Anambra
and Imo states.
Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) formed from parts of Niger and Plateau states.

North-Eastern state divided into:
Bauchi,
Borno,
and Gongola states.
Niger (Minna) state split from Sokoto.

Western state divided into:
Ogun,
Ondo,
and Oyo states

States of Nigeria from 1987-1991

Akwa Ibom state created from Cross River;
Katsina state created from Kaduna

States of Nigeria from 1991-1996

Abia State created from Imo;
Bendel State divided into Delta and Edo;
Enugu State created from Anambra;
Gongola State divided into Adamawa and Taraba;
Jigawa State created from Kano;
Kebbi State created from Sokoto;
Kogi State formed from parts of Benue and Kwara;
Osun State created from Oyo;
Yobe State created from Borno.

States of Nigeria from 1996

Bayelsa State was created from Rivers;
Ebonyi State was formed from parts of Abia and Enugu;
Ekiti State created from Ondo;
Gombe State created from Bauchi;
Nasarawa State created from Plateau;
Zamfara State was created from Sokoto.

More on Nigeria

Nigeria is a country in Africa, a regional power on the continent and an emerging power on the international scene.

It has 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

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Having being divided into states, the country is further divided into 774 Local Government Areas (LGAs).

The LGAs are under the control of their respective states.

The country has the largest economy in Africa.

Nigeria’s population is over 230 million, making it number 1 most populated country in Africa, and number 6 in the world.

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