Thank you for visiting the appropriate page of the late James Francis Dorsey. He led a big band and was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, and composer.
Jimmy Dorsey’s biography, age, career, songs, wife, hits, and cause of death will all be covered on this page. I’ll urge you to read the article carefully so you can comprehend the facts in it.
Jimmy Dorsey Biography
James Francis Dorsey was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer, and big band leader who lived from February 29, 1904, until June 12, 1957.
The jazz and pop songs “I’m Glad There Is You (In This World of Ordinary People)” and “It’s The Dreamer In Me” were both recorded by him and his compositions.
His other notable records include “Grand Central Getaway,” “So Rare,” “Tailspin,” “John Silver,” “So Many Times,” “Amapola,” “Brazil (Aquarela do Brasil),” and “Pennies from Heaven,” which he performed alongside Bing Crosby, Louis Armstrong, and Frances Langford.
He contributed clarinet to the Grammy Hall of Fame-inducted recordings of the groundbreaking jazz standards “Singin’ the Blues” (1927) and “Georgia on My Mind” (1930).
Jimmy Dorsey Early life
Jimmy Dorsey was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, United States, the first son of Theresa Langton Dorsey and Thomas Francis Dorsey.
His father, Thomas, was initially a coal miner, but would later become a music teacher and marching-band director.
Both Jimmy and his younger brother, Tommy Dorsey, were musically active during their childhoods and by the age of seven, Jimmy was already playing with his father’s band.
He made his first public appearance at the age of 9 while playing trumpet with J. Carson McGee’s King Trumpeters in New York in 1913.
He switched to alto saxophone in 1915, and then learned clarinet. Jimmy Dorsey played on a clarinet outfitted with the Albert system of fingering, as opposed to the more common Boehm system used by most of his contemporaries including Benny Goodman and Artie Shaw.
With his brother Tommy playing trombone, they formed Dorsey’s Novelty Six, later called Dorsey’s Wild Canaries, one of the first jazz bands to broadcast. In 1924 he joined the California Ramblers (who were based in New York City).
He did much freelance radio and recording work throughout the 1920s. The brothers also appeared as session musicians on many jazz recordings. He joined Ted Lewis’s band in 1930, with whom he toured Europe.
The same year, he played clarinet on the iconic jazz standard “Georgia on My Mind” in 1930 with Hoagy Carmichael and His Orchestra which featured Bix Beiderbecke on cornet. Dorsey married Jane Porter in 1928, and they had one daughter, Julia. Jane Porter and Dorsey divorced in 1949.
Jimmy Dorsey Career
Jimmy Dorsey early days as a musician, Jimmy Dorsey performed with various ensembles and artists, including the Scranton Sirens, The California Ramblers, Red Nichols, Jean Goldkette, Frankie Trumbauer, Ben Pollack, and Paul Whiteman.
He played the clarinet solo on the iconic 1927 jazz standard “Singin’ the Blues”, with the Frankie Trumbauer Orchestra featuring Bix Beiderbecke (which would, a half-century later, be inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame).
After returning to the United States from his European tour, he worked briefly with Rudy Vallee, and with several other bandleaders; and likewise with his brother Tommy—including starting their famed eponymous band.
He appeared on at least seventy-five radio broadcasts, many of them with his brother. He was a member of Nathaniel Shilkret’s orchestra, on programs such as (starting in 1937) “The Music That Satisfies” (also known as the Chesterfield Quarter Hour).
Glenn Miller arranged and played trombone on several early sessions that he and his brother Tommy did together for OKeh Records, including “The Spell of the Blues”, “Let’s Do It”, and “My Kinda Love”—all with Bing Crosby on vocals.
In 1927, the brothers created the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra and signed with Okeh Records. For some of their sessions, Glenn Miller would join them as trombonist, arranger, and composer; composing Annie’s Cousin Fanny”, “Tomorrow’s Another Day”, “Harlem Chapel Chimes”, and “Dese Dem Dose”.
Their first song to chart was “Coquette”, composed by the brothers with vocals from Bill Dutton in June, 1928. Their song, “Let’s Do It (Let’s Fall in Love)” with vocals by Bing Crosby, was their first to reach the top ten charts.
Despite their success, the brothers frequently disagreed over management of the band and their conflict would come to a head in May 1935 when, after an onstage disagreement, Tommy stormed off.
Afterwards, Jimmy continued the band, keeping the Dorsey Brothers name in hopes his younger brother would return; in September 1935, the Dorsey Brothers band became “Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra”, and he signed with Decca Records. In December, 1935 Dorsey’s first song with the band, “You Let me Down”, would reach the charts.
For the next two years, Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra would provide accompaniment for Bing Crosby’s Kraft Music Hall radio show. The band was featured on 73 programs, from December 1935 to July 1937; they also backed Crosby on his commercial recordings during this time.
Bing Crosby recorded “Pennies from Heaven” with the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra and released it as a single on Decca Records in 1936. As a result, the early band—which featured musicians like Bobby Byrne, Ray McKinley, Donald Matteson, and Skeets Herfurt—and singers Bob Eberly and Kay Weber—recorded instrumental swing classics like Dorsey Stomp, Tap Dancer’s Nightmare, Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps, John Silver, and Dusk in.
Dorsey left Crosby in 1937, to concentrate on his own career, and he did well commercially, although he was overshadowed by Benny Goodman, whose big band had “grabbed center stage” in the mid thirties. Dorsey’s main vocalist was Bob Eberly, considered to be the best in the music business, and in 1939,
Helen O’Connell joined the band, and the idea to have them perform duets proved to be highly successful. She and Bob Eberly possessed a “boy and girl next door” charm and their pairing produced several of the band’s biggest hits. Many of the Eberly-O’Connell recordings were arranged in an unusual 3-section “a-b-c” format.
This format was reportedly developed at the insistence of a record producer (then called an A&R executive) who wanted to feature both singers and the full band in a single 3-minute 78 rpm recording. Eberly sang the first minute, usually as a slow romantic ballad, the next minute featured the full band backing Jimmy’s saxophone, and the last minute was sung by O’Connell in a more up-tempo style, sometimes with lyrics in Spanish.
Almost every record released during 1939–1943 were hits, but especially their Latin American stylized songs like “Amapola”, “Maria Elena”, and “Green Eyes”, which topped the charts in 1941.
They continued singing with his band for future records and motion picture appearances. Kitty Kallen sang with the Jimmy Dorsey orchestra following Helen O’Connell’s departure in 1942.
Jerry Lewis’ first wife Patti Palmer (birth name Esther Calonico) was a singer with his orchestra for less than a year, starting about 1944.
Despite personnel changes, Jimmy remained one of the top big band leaders after World War II and into the 1950s, always updating the sound of his band, but the big band business was beginning to decline.
Dorsey employed pianist and arranger Joe Lipman in 1939 (who had just left Bunny Berigan); he contributed heavily to the repertoire of the band an success of the recordings through the next three years.
Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey reunited on March 15, 1945, to record a V-Disc at Liederkranz Hall in New York City. Released in June 1945, V-Disc 451 featured “More Than You Know” backed with “Brotherly Jump”, The songs featured the combined orchestras of Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey.
As of 1947, Jimmy signed with MGM Records and in the same year, the brothers would put aside their tensions to film The Fabulous Dorseys. The film was a look inside the brothers’ lives from practicing as children, to making it big as adults; the brothers played themselves in the film.
It also highlighted their struggles leading the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra and showed what their lives were like on the road. Despite the brothers coming together for the movie, Jimmy continued to lead his own band until the early 1950s. In 1950, Jimmy moved to Columbia Records and his brother offered him a seat in the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra.
In 1953, Tommy and Jimmy would rename the band, the “Dorsey Brothers Orchestra.” Tommy was the leader of the group, and made Jimmy both the co-leader and featured soloist. On December 26, 1953, the brothers and their orchestra appeared on Jackie Gleason’s CBS television program.
The success of that television appearance led Gleason to produce a weekly variety program, Stage Show, hosted by the brothers on CBS from 1954 to 1956. The show gave other big band leaders hope in a business that was steadily declining for them. In January 1956, the Stage Show made history with the network television debut of Elvis Presley.
Promoting his early recordings for RCA Victor, Presley made a total of six guest appearances. Competitive ratings from NBC’s popular Perry Como Show forced Stage Show into early cancellation. In 1956, after Tommy Dorsey died from choking in his sleep, Jimmy took over leadership of the orchestra.
Around that same time, Jimmy was diagnosed with throat cancer. He died on June 12, 1957, at age 53 in New York City. Broadcasts of Jimmy Dorsey and The Fabulous Dorsey Orchestra on NBC Bandstand survive from December 25, and December 31, 1956.
At least two other extant broadcasts from the month of December 1956 are available as well. Recordings of the band from their winter 1957 tour have not surfaced. These recordings would provide the last aural evidence of Jimmy Dorsey’s work. It is thought that Dorsey’s last appearance was in Joplin, Missouri, on March 12, 1957.
At the time of his death, Jimmy’s final hit song, “So Rare”, reached the number-two spot on the Billboard charts, becoming the highest-charting song by a big band during the first decade of the rock-and-roll era.
With an arrangement heavily influenced by R&B saxophonist Earl Bostic, it marked Dorsey’s attempt to acknowledge rock music and marked a significant departure from his earlier work. This final recording sold 500,000 copies and earned him a gold record.
Jimmy Dorsey is considered one of the most important and influential alto saxophone players of the Big Band and Swing era, and also after that era. Jazz saxophonists Lester Young and Charlie Parker both acknowledge him as an important influence on their styles.
Jimmy Dorsey Appearances
In addition to The Brilliant Dorseys, a 1947 biopic starring him and his brother Tommy, Dorsey also starred in That Girl From Paris, Shall We Dance, The Fleet’s In, Lost in a Harem with Abbott and Costello, I Dood It, and Lost in a Harem.
Many of Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra’s successes, such as “It’s the Dreamer in Me,” “I Love You in Technicolor,” and “Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps,” were featured in a 1938 movie short.
Movies in which Dorsey acted and the year they are released;
- Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra in 1938
- The Fleet’s In 1942
- I Dood It in 1943
- Four Jills in a Jeep in 1944
- Lost in a Harem in 1944
- Hollywood Canteen in 1944
- The Fabulous Dorseys in 1947.
Jimmy Dorsey Number-one hits
Jimmy Dorsey had eleven number one hits with his orchestra in the 1930s and the 1940s:
- “Is It True What They Say About Dixie?”
- “Change Partners”
- “The Breeze and I”
- “My Sister and I”
- “Maria Elena”
- “Green Eyes”
- “Blue Champagne”
- “Besame Mucho”
- “Pennies from Heaven” with Bing Crosby.
- “So Rare”, which went to the No. 2 position in 1957, and was on the record charts for 38 weeks.
He achieved two more number one singles in 1935 with “Lullaby of Broadway” and “Chasing Shadows” as a member of the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra. His biggest hit was “Amapola,” which peaked at number one on the Billboard pop songs list for ten weeks in 1941.
Jimmy Dorsey Honors
A commemorative postage stamp honoring Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey was released by the USPS in 1996.
Jimmy Dorsey & His Orchestra’s 1942 recording “Brazil (Aquarela do Brasil)” was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2009 by the Recording Academy.
Grammy Hall of Fame
Jimmy Dorsey’s recordings were posthumously inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least 25 years old and that have “qualitative or historical significance.”
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American actor and singer Mandel Bruce Patinkin was born November 30, 1952. his well-known for his roles in musical theater, television, and movies.
He has received seven Drama Desk Award nominations and three Tony Award nominations, winning for his major role in Evita (1980), making him a well-regarded Broadway talent.
He has been nominated for seven Primetime Emmy Awards for his work in television, and he has won one of them. In addition, he has been nominated for three Golden Globe Awards and awarded a Screen Actors Guild Award.
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