California mudslides kill 13 people in area ravaged by series of intense wildfire

Mudslides, boulders and cascading debris killed at least 13 people in an area of Southern California’s Pacific Coast ravaged by a series of intense wildfires that burned off protective vegetation in December.

Heavy downpours struck before dawn on Tuesday after thousands of residents in Santa Barbara County along the Pacific coast north of Los Angeles were ordered to evacuate or urged to do so voluntarily, some of them for a second time since December.

A spokesperson for the Santa Barbara County Fire Department, Amber Anderson, said only 10 to 15 per cent complied with mandatory orders.

Emergency workers, using search dogs and helicopters, have rescued dozens of people stranded in mud-coated rubble in the pristine area, sandwiched between the ocean and the sprawling Los Padres National Forest, about 110 miles north of Los Angeles.

The upscale communities of Montecito and Carpenteria, just outside the city of Santa Barbara, were hardest hit.

The mudslides toppled trees, demolished cars and covered blocks of quiet residential neighborhoods with a thick layer of mud, and blocked Highway 101, a major north-south route along the coast.

“The best way I can describe it is, it looked like a World War One battlefield,” Santa Barbara County Sheriff Bill Brown said at a news conference.

He said the death toll could rise, with rescue workers still picking through dozens of damaged and demolished homes in the search for survivors.

At one point on Tuesday, at least two dozen people were missing, but Brown did not know how many were still missing.

Brown said no fewer than 300 people were stranded in a canyon. Local officials, using borrowed helicopters from the U.S. Coast Guard, were working to airlift them out.

The number of fatalities surpassed the death toll from a California mudslide on Jan. 10, 2005, when 10 people were killed as a hillside gave way in the town of La Conchita, less than 32 km south of the latest disaster.

The threat of mudslides had prompted the county to order 7,000 residents to leave their homes ahead of a powerful rainstorm and to urge 23,000 others to evacuate voluntarily.

He said the mudslides swept through both the mandatory evacuation zones and areas where people were urged to voluntarily leave.

Brown, in response to questions of why some places were part of the mandatory evacuation zone, said it was not possible “in a situation like this to define to the house or to the block or to the neighbourhood” where a mudslide might occur.

The county set up an evacuation shelter at Santa Barbara City College, where some people showed up drenched in mud, and also provided a place for people to take their animals.

The December wildfires, the largest in California history, left the area vulnerable to mudslides.

The fires burned away grass and shrubs that hold the soil in place and also baked a waxy layer into the earth that prevents water from sinking deeply into the ground.

Some local residents had to flee their homes due to the fires last month and again this week because of the rains.

Among them was Colin Funk, 42, who sat up watching mud and debris approaching his Montecito house overnight and fled on Tuesday morning with his wife and three young children as thigh-high mud approached the front doorway.

Funk said: “we started looking around and that’s when we saw parts of roofs and there was a body against our next door neighbour’s car.

“I feel lucky. Some people lost their lives in my neighbourhood.”

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